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UN Srebrenica Report

First Net Print, November 23 1999
Second Net Print, November 25 1999
Third Net Print, October 30 2001

Srebrenica Report


REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
PURSUANT TO GENERAL ASSEMBLY
RESOLUTION 53/35 (1998)

CONTENTS

    II.
    BACKGROUND
  • A. par 10 - 14
    Break-up of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) and the establishment of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)
  • B. par 15 - 19
    Independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the outbreak of war
  • C. par 20 - 23
    Humanitarian Activities
  • D. par 24 - 28
    Proposals for a peacekeeping mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • E. par 29 - 32
    The peace process
  • F. par 33 - 40
    Srebrenica prior to the safe area resolutions
    III.
    THE ADOPTION OF RESOLUTIONS 819 (1993), 824 (1993) AND 836 (1993)
  • A. par 41 - 44
    Minimal consensus within the Security Council
  • B. par 45 - 51
    The concept of safe areas
  • C. par 52 - 58
    Security Council resolution 819 (1993)
  • D. par 59 - 62
    The Srebrenica demilitarization agreement of 18 April 1993
  • E. par 63 - 65
    Security Council Mission to Srebrenica; agreement of 8 May
  • F. par 66 - 69
    Security Council resolution 824 (1993)
  • G. par 70 - 77
    The end of the Vance-Owen Peace Plan
  • H. par 78 - 79
    Security Council resolution 836 (1993)
  • I. par 80 - 92
    Security Council members positions on resolution 836
  • J. par 93 - 95
    Reluctance to use force to deter attacks on safe areas
  • K. par 96 - 98
    Secretary-General report (S/25939) pursuant to resolution 836
  • L. par 99 - 102
    Efforts to lift the arms embargo
    IV.
    EVOLUTION OF THE SAFE AREA POLICY: JUNE 93-DEC. 94
  • A. par 103 - 105
    Initial implementation of the safe area policy
  • B. par 106 - 113
    The Igman crisis
  • C. par 114 - 116
    Proposals to exchange Srebrenica and epa
  • D. par 117 - 123
    Markale massacre and disagreements on the use of air power
  • E. par 124 - 130
    United Nations assessment of the safe area policy as of March 94
  • F. par 131 - 145
    The attack on Gorañde: March-April 1994
  • G. par 146 - 152
    Secretary-General=s report of 9 May 1994 (S/1994/555)
  • H. par 153 - 156
    The Contact Group peace plan
  • I. par 157 - 163
    Serb assault on the safe area of Biha: October-December 1994
  • J. par 164 - 174
    Secretary-General=s report of 1 December 1994 (S/1994/1389)
    V.
    EVENTS OF JANUARY TO JUNE 1995
  • A. par 175 - 184
    Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and its collapse
  • B. par 185 - 189
    Air strikes around Sarajevo
  • C. par 190 - 200
    UNPROFOR hostage crisis
  • D. par 201 - 209
    Secretary-General=s report of 30 May 1995 (S/1995/444)
  • E. par 210 - 212
    Bosniac attempt to break the siege of Sarajevo
  • F. par 213 - 220
    The Rapid Reaction Force
  • G. par 221 - 225
    Fighting around Srebrenica
    VII.
    THE FALL OF SREBRENICA: 6-11 JULY 1995
  • A. par 239 - 245
    6 July: Attack on OP Foxtrot; request for Close Air Support
  • B. par 246 - 249
    7 July: Momentary pause in Serb attack
  • C. par 250 - 261
    8 July: Request for CAS discouraged; BSA over-run OP;ARBiH kill Dutchbat soldier
  • D. par 262 - 276
    9 July: Events leading to blocking position and warning to Serbs
  • E. par 277 - 296
    10 July: BSA violates warning; use of close air support deferred
  • F. par 297 - 317
    11 July: Initial confusion over air support; Srebrenica falls
    VIII.
    THE AFTERMATH OF THE FALL OF SREBRENICA
  • A. par 318 - 328
    12 July: Meetings with Mladi; deportation commences
  • B. par 329 - 339
    12 July: Security Council resolution 1004 (1995)
  • C. par 340 - 345
    Night of 12 July -- Sporadic killing begins
  • D. par 346 - 360
    13 July: killing of hundreds of unarmed men and boys begins
  • E. par 361 - 374
    14 July: mass executions commence; EU Negotiator meets Mladi
  • F. par 375 - 382
    15 July: massacres continue; Aagreement@ reached with Mladi
  • G. par 383 - 390
    16-18 July: reports of atrocities begin to surface
  • H. par 391 - 393
    19 July: Mladi and UNPROFOR agreement
    IX.
    THE FALL OF ðEPA AND THE >NEW= SAFE AREA POLICY:JULY-OCTOBER 1995
  • A. par 394 - 396
    Preparations for the attack on ðepa: 11 to 14 July 1995
  • B. par 397 - 402
    Attack, resistance and negotiations in ðepa: 14-20 July 1995
  • C. par 403 - 404
    First formal reports of atrocities from Srebrenica
  • D. par 405 - 410
    The London Meeting
  • E. par 411 - 414
    Operational arrangements resulting from the London Meeting
  • F. par 415 - 431
    The Fall of ðepa and the flight to Serbia
  • G. par 432 - 437
    Operation >Storm= and the United States-led peace initiative
  • H. par 438 - 441
    Attack on Markale marketplace in Sarajevo
  • I. par 442 - 445
    Operation Deliberate Force
  • J. par 446 - 447
    Serb assessment of Operation Deliberate Force
  • K. par 448 - 450
    The pause; a new peace map; opening a road into Sarajevo
  • L. par 451 - 455
    Resumption of air and ground attacks
  • M. par 456 - 459
    The United States-led peace initiative; concerns about the mandate
  • N. par 460 - 464
    Croatian offensive and the end of hostilities

SENIOR UNITED NATIONS PERSONNEL IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA REFERRED TO IN THE REPORT BY THEIR TITLES

    Special Representatives of the Secretary-General for the former Yugoslavia and Heads of Mission (SRSG):
  • Mr. Thorvald Stoltenberg (Norway)May 1993-December 1993
  • Mr. Yasushi Akashi (Japan)January 1994-October 1995
    Military Commanders of United Nations Forces in the former-Yugoslavia, headquartered in Zagreb, (Force Commander):
  • Lieutenant-General Satish Nambiar (India) March 1992-March 1993
  • Lieutenant-General Lars-Eric Wahlgren (Sweden) March 1993-June 1993
  • Lieutenant-General Jean Cot (France)June 1993-March 1994
  • Lieutenant-General Bertrand de Lapresle (France)March 1994-February 1995
  • Lieutenant-General Bernard Janvier (France)March 1995-January 1996
    Military Commanders of United Nations Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Command), headquartered in Kiseljak, 1992-4, and in Sarajevo, 1994-5, (UNPROFOR Commander):
  • Lieutenant-General Philippe Morillon (France)September 1992-July 1993
  • Lieutenant-General Francis Briquemont (Belgium)July 1993-January 1994
  • Lieutenant-General Michael Rose (United Kingdom)January 1994-January 1995
  • Lieutenant-General Rupert Smith (United Kingdom)January 1995-December 1995


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